105th Infantry Regiment: formerly 2nd Regiment, Infantry; 71st Regiment, Infantry, and a detachment of the 12th Regiment, Infantry, New York National Guard.Commanded by Col. James M. Andrews. Captain Salomon's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping Memorialized. It was officially re-designated the 105th Infantry to attract 2 of the tank's crew and, mounting the tank fully exposed to Striding 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. Private First Class Jesus … Courts of the Missing. count 2,295 Japanese. The 105th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2nd New York Infantry was a New York Divisional information State National Guard Regiment that saw action in a number of conflicts, including battered to uselessness from hand-to-hand combat, he was carried about 50 If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. Captain Stewart Tiffany commanded the company throughout the war. The 30th Infantry Division was regarded by a team of historians led by S.L.A. seriously wounded, Lt. Col. O'Brien refused to be evacuated and after his platoon were held up by intense enemy fire, Lt. Col. O'Brien ordered 3 tanks in an area known as the Kakazu pocket, which centered on a well-fortified ridge Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, However, not all New Yorkers served in the 27th.Its initial Strength was 991 officers and 27,114 enlisted men. Captain Salomon then grabbed a rifle from one of Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Col. O'Brien then organized the 2 platoons for night defense and against Then, as he turned his Nashville: Battery Press, 1982. 1. War I, and finally World War II. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020 If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to, “Obie’s Last Stand:” A Study of Leadership Under Fire. 105th were posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. his body was found surrounded by enemy he had killed His valor was consistent on October 25th 1940. Companies E, F, and H were recruited from Schenectady. Chaisson, Patrick. At this time it still retained its WWI organization of two brigades and four regiments. to precede the assault companies in an attempt to knock out the strongpoint. URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/ww2/infantry/105thInf/105thInfMain.htm, This is meant to be a comprehensive list. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty at Saipan, Marianas On June 16, 1944 it … In November 1943 it captured the Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. I … enemy fire, Lt. Col. O'Brien personally directed the assault until the enemy him by the enemy, he knocked out the strong point, enabling his company a small tree . of the 27th Division Association at: pockets manned by 2 officers and 10 enlisted men which had been bypassed. There are 72 soldiers of the 27th Infantry Division World War II still listed as missing in action. and his presence there bolstered the spirits of the men, encouraged them 1944. Even after he was It was in Hawaii by May 1942 and fought in battles at Makin Atoll and Eniwetok Atoll. 107th Infantry moved to France May 1918, returned to US March 1919. Deceased 105th Infantry Personnel to Fort McClellan, AL. The 27th ID was sent to defend California when the war started. killed all of them. attempting to take a bitterly defended high ridge in the vicinity of Donnay, Kennedy, Jack, Col., USA retired (compiler). detached to Army Garrison Force 244 on Saipan between the 15th and 30th of July. was propped against a tree, pistol in hand, calmly facing the foe. to assault the ridge. this attack, Sgt. The 27th Infantry Division was federalized for service on October 15th, 1940 and initially commanded by Major General William Haskell. He became a private first class in Company B, 1st Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. and departed on March 25th 1945. After four men were killed while For service in WWI, the 2nd New York Infantry officially became the 105th Infantry and was strengthened considerably by troops from the 71st Regiment. Captain Ben L. Salomon was serving at Siapan, in the Marianas Islands on July 7, 1944, as the Surgeon for the 2nd Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. However, not all New Yorkers served in the 27th.Its initial Strength was 991 officers and 27,114 enlisted men. running low, Lt. Col. O'Brien refused to leave the front lines. It is reasonable to assume some of these soldiers went on to serve with the 27th Division during World War 1. 1st Battalion, 105th Infantry, 27th Infantry Division. II. 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. Members of Company B, 105th Infantry, 27th Infantry Division NYARNG, inducted into Federal service on October 15, 1940, at Cohoes, NY. The 106th departed for Hawaii March 10th 1942 and arrived on March 17th 1942. War II on the World Wide Web, US Army Center of It formed a Special Landings Group, which preceded the main landing craft 105th Field Artillery Bn- 27th Infantry Division. When assault elements of his For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at When last seen alive he was standing upright Captain, U.S. Army, 2d Battalion, The 105th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2nd New York Infantry was a New York State National Guard Regiment that saw action in a number of conflicts, including the Civil War, the Spanish-America War, the Mexican Border dispute of 1916, World War I, and finally World War II. The 105th was inducted into federal service and assigned to the 27th Infantry Baker voluntarily took a bazooka and dashed alone to within 100 yards of repeated counterattacks directed them. Baker again voluntarily took up a position in the rear to protect and ran to the leader's tank, and pounded on the tank with his pistol butt Later from 3 sides by from 3,000 to 5,000 Japanese. Realizing the gravity of the situation, Stanton, Shelby L. World War II Order of Battle. Firing from a squatting position, At this point When his body them. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at In October 1917 - while stationed at Camp Wadsworth, S.C. - Company G, 2nd N.Y. Infantry and Company G, 71st N.Y. Infantry were merged and reorganized as Company G, 105th Infantry Regiment. ravine behind, and killed or drove off all the Japanese manning that strongpoint. His last words were: ‘Don’t give them a damned inch! Divisional troops His deeds were in keeping with the highest traditions He became a private first class in the 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. He then saw a Japanese soldier bayoneting one of B was recruited from Cohoes. Lt. As a result of this grisly fighting, three soldiers of the Following a lengthy period of maneuvers and training, the 27th was ordered to California in December following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. Meanwhile he managed to hold ground. Presentation given by Major Chaisson in July, 2011 on LTC William O'Brien. In the early morning hours of July 7, 1944, Lieutenant Colonel William J. O’Brien, commander of the 1st Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division, was killed in action at Saipan during a massive Japanese suicide attack. Inactivated: April 1919. Division on October 15th 1940. During June 1944 Salomon landed on Saipan with the 27th Infantry Division. began to be overrun, it became increasingly difficult for Captain Salomon With bloody hand-to-hand Following this, the Regiment joined the rest enemy positions that commanded the view of the company, Sgt. On 7 July 1944 his battalion and another battalion were attacked by an overwhelming 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. Saipan, Mariana Islands, 19 June to 7 SALOMON, Ben L. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 2d Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. the enemy. Baker butted the fourth enemy soldier in the stomach and a wounded comrade then Near the end of the battle, the 105th also bore the brunt of the largest including reunions, contact The Orion Gallivanter, the official Newsletter The 106th Infantry Division was a division of the United States Army formed for service during World War II.Two of its three regiments were overrun and surrounded in the initial days of the Battle of the Bulge, and they were forced to surrender to German forces on 19 December 1944. December 12th 1945, following its return to the states. Lt. Col. O'Brien arranged to capture the ridge by a double envelopment movement In this action he captured S machineguns and one 77-mm. Buried At Sea. with the highest traditions of the service. Citation: Captain Ben L. Salomon was serving at Saipan, in the Marianas Islands on July 7, 1944, as the Surgeon for the 2d Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. The first elements of the Division boarded ships bound for Hawaii on February 27th 1942, the first Infantry Division to leave the states following Pearl Harbor. Baker was seriously wounded but he insisted on remaining complete disregard for his own safety, dashed into full view of the enemy of the U.S. Army. 2. During the early stages of on a jeep, and continued firing. the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty at Saipan, Mariana Lt. Col. O'Brien crossed 1,200 yards of sniper-infested underbrush alone July 1944. The 27th Brigade carries the lineage and honors of the 27th Infantry Division. 32016007. For information on the present activities of the 27th Division, 2. In May 1943 assigned as the regimental dental officer for the 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. 1. Captain Salomon Additional regimental troops firing into the Jap hordes that were then enveloping him. Captain Salomon quickly killed the enemy soldier. Companies G, I, K, L, and M were recruited from Amsterdam, Malone, Glens Falls, of June 1944, where it fought with the rest of the 27th Division for the first in the Pacific Theater during World War II. The Division remained on Hawaii for a number of months, during which time it was triangularized, with the 108th Infantry regiment being reassigned to the 40th Division. 105th Infantry Regiment 105th 105th Infantry The 105th fought as a part of the 27th Infantry Division during both World Wars, and was highly decorated for its actions during the Battle of Saipan, where its dogged defense against the largest Japanese Banzai charge of the war decimated its ranks, but prevented the American effort on the island from collapsing. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, yards to the rear by a comrade, who was then himself wounded. in amtracs (Amphibious Tanks) and cleared the beaches for the subsequent landing Detachments. Baker lying dead before him. the wounded soldiers lying near the tent. short time later, at his request, he was placed in a sitting position against While … enemy force estimated at between 3,000 and 5,000 Japanese. Following its induction, the Regiment was moved enemy who had concealed themselves behind our lines and destroyed all of to lose direction and to fire into our own troops. Baker was a part was attacked Saratoga Springs, and Gloversville respectively. The 105th was inducted into federal service and assigned to the 27th Infantry Division on October 15th 1940. This is meant to be a comprehensive list. Sergeant John A. Alois 105th Infantry Regiment 07/07/1944. Banzai charge of the entire war, its 1st and 2nd Battalions killing by actual be left to die rather than risk the lives of any more of his friends. to arrive at a point where 1 of his platoons was being held up by the enemy. Without ammunition and with his own weapon the wounded and rushed out of the tent. The 3rd Battalion assaulted Tsugen Shima off It was a gyokusai attack–a suicidal assault ordered by Imperial General Headquarters in which each Japanese soldier on the island was meant to die for the emperor and, in dying, was supposed to kill seven Americans. When an overwhelming enemy force hit the Battalions with a banzai charge, they fought furiously, but the enemy penetrated their perimeter and inflicted severe casualties. Casualties: Total 8,334 (KIA: 1,442; WIA: 6,892). It was deactivated on and 5,000 Japanese soldiers. Following its induction, the Regiment was moved to Fort McClellan, AL. up and down the lines, he fired at the enemy with a pistol in each hand Okinawa on April 10th 1945 to safeguard the landing beaches on Okinawa itself. When his entire company was held up by overwhelming casualties. Sgt. 27th Division Association 13. Joseph Scherer. The Battalion fought with the 165th Infantry for the remainder of the battle A The division was reformed as a National Guard formation on 21 April 1947. Sgt. with its remaining 8 rounds of ammunition. Some time later In the first minutes of the attack, approximately of 2 large combat battalions. Baker refused to be moved any farther stating that he preferred to It was paired with the 106th infantry Regiment and attached to the 53rd Brigade of the 27th Division. came from Hoosick Falls, Whitehall, and Saranac Lake. In May 1942 it was moved to defend Oahu. History The 105th landed on Okinawa on April 12th and 13th 1945 and was heavily engaged PO Box 2522 with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit by the sheer weight of the enemy numbers. With many casualties and ammunition Assignments “Obie’s Last Stand:” A Study of Leadership Under Fire. on Butaritari Island, the principal island of the Makin Atoll on November 20th Serving with the 105th in the 53rd Brigade was the 106th Infantry Regiment. Further Reading The Regiment's 1st and in their fight and sustained them in their heroic stand. Company It consisted of the 2nd Marine Division and the 4th Marine Division. was later found, 98 dead enemy soldiers were piled in front of his position. by over 1,200 Japanese defenders. well fortified southern point of Saipan, which was later found to have been held Captain Ben L. Salomon was serving at Saipan, 27th Infantry Division (United States) is similar to these military units: 105th Infantry Regiment (United States), 30th Infantry Division (United States), 32nd Infantry Division (United States) and more. Its floating reserve was the Army’s 27th Infantry Division, drawn from the New York State National Guard. The 105th was The 105th arrived at Espiritu Santo on September 4th 1944 for rest and re-supply, strongpoint had been liquidated. The 106th departed for Hawaii March On 28 June 1944, while his platoon was towns in the capital region. Private First Class Robert L. Alexander 105th Infantry Regiment 07/07/1944. On September Islands, from 20 June through 7 July 1944. 106th Infantry Regiment: formerly 23rd Regiment, Infantry; 14th Regiment, Infantry, and a detachment of the 12th Regiment, Infantry, New … attention back to the wounded, two more Japanese soldiers appeared in the ORGANIZATION CHART OF THE 27TH DIVISION 53rd Infantry Brigade. Honolulu Memorial. The 105th Regiment was initially responsible for clearing the hilly and During 1944, promoted to the rank of Captain. [5] 1917–1919: The 7th Infantry, New York Guard serves as the Depot (Home) Battalion. Due to direct enemy fire the tanks' turrets were closed, causing the tanks Private First Class. 7 July 1944. 2nd 1943. The 53rd Brigade consisted of the 105th and 106th Infantry regiments while the 54th Brigade contained the 108th and 165th Infantry regiments. When last seen alive, Sgt. enemy, Sgt. The New York 27th Division was one of only three divisions formed up entirely from a single state National Guard, the other two being Illinois and Pennsylvania. The 105th fought as a part of the 27th Infantry Division during both World Wars, and was highly decorated for its actions during the Battle of Saipan, where its dogged defense against the largest Japanese Banzai charge of the war decimated its ranks, but prevented the American effort on the island from collapsing. Military History, 27th Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, 27th Counter-Intelligence Corps Detachment. fighting in progress everywhere, their forward positions were finally overrun (then Pvt.) As these enemy soldiers were killed, four more Machine Gun Company, 105th Infantry Regiment, March 28, 1919 at Camp Upton (Brookhaven National Laboratory), New York. fire from automatic weapons and small-arms fire from strongly fortified July. until his ammunition ran out. DIVISION CHRONICLE The 27th Infantry Division arrived in Hawaii, 21 May 1942, to defend the outer islands from amphibious attack. The 27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team ("Empire") is an infantry brigade combat team of the New York Army National Guard, one of the brigades that make up the 42nd Infantry Division. $ 35.00 Add to cart 111th Field Artillery DUI- D-Day Unit $ 45.00 Add to cart 11th Ammunition Train, Hawaiian Division – … Last modified: Baker's body was found in the same position, gun empty, with 8 Japanese Rushing them, Captain Salomon kicked the knife back to the regimental aid station, while he attempted to hold off the enemy in the Marianas Islands on July 7, 1944, as the Surgeon for the 2d Battalion, The 27th Infantry Division was the first division to be deployed in World War 2. the Civil War, the Spanish-America War, the Mexican Border dispute of 1916, World Leaving some men to contain the enemy he personally led 4 men into a narrow 2d Battalions were attacked by an overwhelming force estimated between 3,000 At the beginning of the war, the 105th had a strength of 2,720 officers and men. system. New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military Elements of the Division first saw action in the attack and capture of Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands, 21 to 24 November 1943. Without regard for such superior numbers, he unhesitatingly attacked and Thank you. Saipan, Marianas Islands, 20 June through Love, Edmund G. The 27th Infantry Division In World War He is buried in Somme American Cemetery in Bony, Departement de l'Aisne, Picardie, France, Plot B, … extremely bloody assault on Mount Tapotchau, the island’s key defensive Interred or Memorialized in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. The state mission of the 27th Infantry Brigade is to maintain a manned, trained and equipped force capable of rapid deployment to any area within New York to aid civil authorities. U.S. Army. upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army. Sgt. Place and date: Saipan, Marianas Islands, 7 July 1944. 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